The Municipal Waste Recycling Program (MWRP) is a $14 million, five-year, USAID-funded initiative to address the global problem of ocean plastic pollution, with a focus on Asia. Funded under the Making Cities Work IDIQ, this program provides grants and technical assistance to support promising municipal waste recycling efforts, evaluates effectiveness, and makes recommendations for future USAID investments in the sector. MWRP identifies and scales innovations to improve solid waste management (SWM) and recycling practices in Indonesia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam. These four Asian countries currently experience problems with municipal waste management and preventing plastic waste from entering the ocean. Ocean plastic pollution threatens human health, adversely affects the environment and holistic economic growth.
Under the MWRP program, as of March 2021, more than 13,000 metric tons of plastic have been diverted from the ocean. 3,080 jobs have been created; 1,820 by women. Following MWRP public awareness and training, 219,780 households and institutions changed behaviors and started segregating waste. 224,065 youths have engaged in the program. Additionally, MWRP enhances urban and local governments’ ability to improve environmental management practices and pollution control systems. Of the 58 public policies, laws, agreements, and regulations related to municipal waste management that have been introduced and/or positively affected by the program, here are a few key examples:
- Indonesia: The Governor of Jakarta Province signed Governor’s Regulation No.142 (2019) addressing the public’s obligation to use environmentally friendly shopping bags at shopping centers, malls, supermarkets, and traditional markets. The regulation was instituted in June 2020.
- Sri Lanka: A law banned polythene lunch sheets, rigifoam boxes, and thin plastic bags.
- Vietnam: Decision No.1832/QD-UBND provides guidelines to households, businesses, and schools to segregate waste in Ho Chi Minh City.
- The Philippines: Resolution No. 2018-11 banned the use of plastic straws and other small plastic materials during celebrations of the Martesan Festival.
- Global Program for Inclusive Municipal Governance (GPIMG)
- Kenya Integrated Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Project (KIWASH)
- Liberia Collaborative Support for Health Systems Strengthening
- Liberia Municipal Water Project (LMWP)
- Market Assessment of Fecal Sludge Providers in Douala, Cameroon
- Municipal Waste Recycling Program (MWRP)
- Strategic Support for Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Investments in Ethiopia
- Sustainable Water and Sanitation in Africa (SUWASA)
- Urbis – Urban Capacity Learning Laboratory
- WASH Coordination Project (WCP)